Civil Liability for Texting and Driving
Texting while driving is the cause of a growing number of auto accidents throughout the United States. Texting causes distraction, and according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, every day in this country 8 people are killed and 1,161 are injured in crashes involving a distracted driver. The CDC describes three basic types of distraction for drivers: taking your eyes off the road, taking your hands off the wheel and taking your mind off the process of driving. Texting effectively encapsulates all three of these types of distraction, in that a driver must take at least one hand off the wheel and his eyes off the road to read or send a text message, as well as directing his thoughts to the text and away from driving a heavy, potentially deadly machine. If you or a loved one has been involved in a crash at the hands of a texting driver, you may be able to recover damages based on that driver’s negligence.
Florida law on texting and driving
In 2013, Florida enacted the Florida Ban on Texting While Driving Law. The stated purpose of the law is to:
- Improve safety for all road users;
- Prevent crashes related to texting while driving;
- Reduce injuries, deaths, and costs related to crashes; and
- Give police the authority to stop vehicles and give tickets as a secondary offense to persons texting and driving.
The law declares texting while driving to be a noncriminal, nonmoving traffic violation. The fact that it is a “secondary offense” means that a police officer cannot stop a driver simply for texting unless that driver commits another violation, such as failing to stop at a stop sign.
Causing an accident while texting and driving can also lead to civil liability. An individual who texts and drives makes a choice to violate the standard of care to which reasonable drivers must adhere. Reports note For example, a Florida woman who suffered brain damage in an accident caused by her boyfriend’s running a stop sign while texting and driving received a $4.6 million jury verdict.
Liability for sending a text to someone driving
Recent cases also suggest that a person who sends a text to someone he knows or should know is driving can be held liable for damages along with the texting driver. In both New Jersey and Pennsylvania, judges have ruled that third parties who sent a text to someone who was driving at the time can be included as defendants in lawsuits resulting from texting-and-driving accidents. While a plaintiff must prove that the defendant knew or should have known the text recipient was driving when the text was sent, in order to state a cause of action the plaintiff only has to allege that:
- The driver was texting and therefore distracted;
- The third party who sent the text knew or should have known that the driver was driving and would likely read the texts while behind the wheel; and
- The third party aided and abetted the driver’s violation of motor vehicle law.
As in Florida, texting and driving is illegal in Pennsylvania. However, in contrast to Florida’s law, Pennsylvania treats the offense as a primary one, subject to a $50 fine.
Consult a West Palm Beach Car Accident Attorney
The experienced car accident attorneys of Lesser, Lesser, Landy & Smith, PLLC, have represented clients in car accident cases in West Palm Beach, Boca Raton, Stuart and throughout Florida for nearly 90 years. If you have been in an accident caused by another driver’s negligence, contact us for a consultation about your case.